英语: “after”

after
['ɑ:ftə]
adv.以后, 后来
conj.在 ... 以后
prep.在 ... 之后, 在后面, 关于, 追赶, 依照
adj.以后的
例句与用法:
His book is the best on the subject after mine.
他的书对这一问题的论述是最好的,仅次于我的书。
We shall arrive soon after.
我们将很快就到达。
Mr. Smith left for London after breakfast.
史密斯先生吃过早餐后就动身去伦敦了。
He grew weak in after years.
在以后的几年里,他变得衰弱了。
I found your coat after you had left the house.
你离开房子之后,我发现了你的外衣。
英英解释:
形容词 after:
located farther aft
副词 after:
happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
behind or in the rear
同义词
反义词
after
prep.
1. 在……以后
After graduation he went abroad.
毕业后他去了国外。
At half after ten it began to rain.
在十点半下起雨来。
2. 在……后面; 随……之后
After you with the paper, please.
请您看完报纸后给我。
She entered the hall after her mother.
她跟在她母亲后面进入厅内。
3. 低于; 次于
A captain comes after a major.
上尉军衔低于少校。
4. 鉴于, 由于
After what had happened he could not continue to work there.
鉴于所发生的事情, 他不可能继续在那里工作下去了。
5. 仿照, 模仿
This is a painting after Picasso.
这是一幅仿毕加索的画。
6. 依照; 按照……的名字
The kid was named after his grandfather.
这孩子是以他祖父的名字命名的。
7. 尽管
After all our efforts, the experiment failed.
尽管我们做了努力, 试验还是失败了。
8. 搜寻, 寻找
Mary is after a better job.
玛丽在寻找一个更好的工作。
conj.
在……之后
I will tell you after they leave.
他们走后我再告诉你。
ad.
1. 以后, 之后
They arrived shortly after.
不久以后他们抵达了。
2. 在后面, 随后
Tom went on Monday, and Mary left the day after.
汤姆星期一走的, 玛丽第二天就离开了。
a.[B]
1. 以后的
His health was declining in after years.
在以后的岁月, 他的健康不断衰退。
2. 后部的
A few passengers would have a stroll on the after deck before the evening meal.
几位乘客将在晚饭前到后甲板上散步。

词义辨析:
同义:
a.以后的
following
subsequent
next
later than
prep.在……后面
behind
prep.搜寻, 寻找
in search of
in pursuit
prep.尽管
despite
in spite of
prep.鉴于, 由于
because of
同义参见:
afterward
反义:
prep.在……以后
before

after

D.J.:?ɑ:ft?

K.K.:??ft?

prep.

(表示时间)在…以后

After the play they called for the author to show himself.
剧终之后他们请求编剧和大家见面。

(表示位置、顺序)在…后面

The King came in, with all his servants following after him.
国王走了进来, 所有侍从跟在他的后面。

(表示原因)由于, 鉴于

She succeeded in solving the problem after hard work.
由于努力干, 她终于解决了那个问题。

(表示条件)与…一致; 符合

He was built after his father.
他的体型像父亲。

(表示方式)像, 仿照

This box is made after a new pattern.
这箱子是仿照新样式制作的。

(表示依据)以…之名命名

The boy was named Tom after his grandfather.
这小孩按他祖父的名字被起名为汤姆。

(表示论及)关于; 涉及

He inquired after your health.
他询问你的健康状况。

(表示目标)追求, 追寻

There were always lots of men after her because she was clever as well as pretty.
总有许多男人追求她, 因为她既漂亮又聪明。

I wonder what those children are after in that shed.
我不知道那些孩子在棚子里寻找什么。

(表示让步)尽管, 仍然

After all my advice, he still went his own way.
在我苦口婆心地相劝后, 他仍然一意孤行。

conj.

在…以后

After he goes, we shall eat.
他走之后, 我们就吃饭。

adv.

以后, 继后

They arrived soon after.
他们没多久就到达了。

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