英语: “sustain”

sustain
[səs'tein]
vt.支持, 承受, 维持, 认可, 经受
例句与用法:
The court sustained his claim that the contract was illegal.
法庭确认他的要求正当,宣布该合同不合法。
Hope alone sustained him in his struggle.
在奋斗中,只有希望支持着他。
The foundations were not strong enough to sustain the weight of the house.
这地基不够牢固,无法承受房屋的重量。
词形变化:
形容词: sustainable | 名词: sustainability | 动词过去式: sustained | 动词过去分词: sustained | 动词现在分词: sustaining | 动词第三人称单数: sustains |
英英解释:
动词 sustain:
lengthen or extend in duration or space
同义词:prolong, keep up
undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)
同义词:suffer, have, get
provide with nourishment
同义词:nourish, nurture
supply with necessities and support
同义词:keep, maintain
be the physical support of; carry the weight of
同义词:hold, support, hold up
admit as valid
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
sustain
vt.
1. 支撑; 承受, 承担
The pillars sustain the roof of the pit.
坑道顶用柱子支撑着。
2. 维持, 供养; 支援
The boat stranded on the rocks and the boatman had to sustain himself with live fish before rescue came.
船在岩石上搁浅, 船夫在遇救前只好靠活鱼维持生命。
3. 支持, 鼓舞
An unshakable faith sustained him.
一种不可动摇的信念支撑着他。
4. 忍受, 禁得起
The sea wall sustained the shock of waves.
海堤经得起海浪的冲击。
5. 遭受, 蒙受
He sustained a serious wound in the stomach.
他腹部严重受伤。
6. 【律】确认, 认可
The court sustained his claim.
法庭确认了他的要求。
7. 证实, 证明
The new theory is sustained by facts.
这一新理论有事实证明。
8. 扮演

词形变化:
过去式:sustained
过去分词:sustained
现在进行时:sustaining

词义辨析:
同义:
vt.忍受; 维持
tolerate
support
bear
endure
maintain
suffer
stand
abide
keep up
同义参见:
shoulder
second1
provision
preserve
nurse
brook2
nourish
dare
justify
befriend
uphold
testify
back
float

sustain

D.J.:s??stein

K.K.:s??sten

vt.

承受, 支撑

These four posts sustain the entire building.
这四根柱子支撑着整座建筑物。

An unshakable belief sustained me.
一种不可动摇的信念支持着我。

维持

During the war we had just enough food to sustain us.
战争期间, 我们的食物仅够维持生活。

长期保持; 使继续

We do not have enough money to sustain our campaign for long.
我们没有足够的财力使宣传活动长期保持下去。

经受, 遭受

He sustained a foot injury.
他足部受了伤。

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